International Law

What is a hate event?

Hate incidents are those that are motivated by hatred or prejudice towards the victim because of one or more of these characteristics or presumed characteristics.

  • Race
  • religion
  • Sexual orientation
  • transgender identity

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You will need to provide evidence from an independent source if you believe you have been the victim in a hate crime. You must prove that the accused was motivated by malice or ill-will towards you.

An incident against a victim cannot also include a victim as an independent source for evidence.

Other personal characteristics

Some places might have a problem with one group being prejudicing another because of other characteristics than those listed above.

Even if hate crimes are not covered by the law, police can still record attacks that involve prejudice. A group of teens might have chosen a certain style or activity, and other teenagers could attack them because of it.

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Examples of hate incidents

These are just a few examples of hate incidents:

  • Verbal abuse such as name calling or making offensive jokes
  • Harassment
  • Bullying or intimidation
  • Physical attacks like hitting, punching or pushing, as well as spitting

Threats of violence

Hoaxes, abusive text messages or phone calls, hate mail or abusive phone or SMS messages are all possible

  • Online abuse, such as on social media
  • Displaying or circulating discriminatory literature and posters
  • Things like your car, pet, or home can be damaged or destroyed
  • Graffiti
  • arson
  • Tossing rubbish in a garden
  • malicious complaints.

What is a hate crime?

Hate crime refers to an offense in which there was aggravation due to prejudice of any of these 5 characteristics.

It is possible that you have been attacked by someone who thought you were a certain type of person, such as a member of a specific race, even though you are not.

A crime that isn’t based on prejudice of any of the five characteristics above could still be considered a crime, but not a hate crime.

What is the most hateful crime committed?

Hate crime is motivated by prejudice and ill-will. To be considered a hate crime, there must be proof that the act was motivated by hatred, malice and ill will. A court must consider that a hate crime has been committed when determining the sentence.

Hate incidents motivated by hatred and prejudice may be charged as an offense. The incident can be reported to police.

If an offence has occurred, the Procurator Fiscal determines. There are several types of offenses that could occur when someone acts with malice or ill will toward another person:

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  • assault
  • Brute of the peace
  • sexual assault
  • Burglary
  • Harassment

Racially or religiously motivated attack (these are specific offenses)

  • Theft
  • Murder
  • fraud

Hate mail (malicious communications)

This law can be used to address hate crimes and incidents

  • Common law – including breach of the peace and assault, vandalism and vandalism
  • Statute law – From the UK and Scottish acts

What can you do?

You can report to the police any hate incident or hate crime that you believe occurred.

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This can be done by a friend, neighbor, family member, support worker, or passer-by. Even if the victim does not want to report it, you can still do so.